A bursa is a small fluid-filled sac that is found between skin, muscles, tendons and bones. It lubricates and acts as a cushion in decreasing the friction, rubbing and irritation between these parts with movement. Bursitis refers to the inflammation or swelling of the bursa. It can affect the joints such as the knee, elbow, and shoulder. Bursitis is most commonly seen in adults of over 40 years.
Sternoclavicular Joint Injuries
The sternoclavicular joint is the joint between the breastbone (sternum) and the collar bone (clavicle). Injuries to this joint are termed sternoclavicular joint injuries and can include stretching or tearing of the ligament. It is usually caused due to severe trauma or a direct blow to the side of your body such as in motor vehicle accidents or contact sports.
The symptoms of sternoclavicular joint injuries include:
- Severe pain at the site of the injury
- Displacement of the clavicle which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing
- Crackling noise from the joint
- Instability in the joint
Medical history, physical examination and analyzing your symptoms are sufficient to diagnose the condition. However your doctor may recommend imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI and CT scans to confirm diagnosis.
Treatment for sternoclavicular joint injuries may be surgical or non-surgical. Non-surgical treatments include ice packs, pain and anti-inflammatory medications and immobilization of your shoulder. Surgical treatment is performed only if the injury causes respiratory problems or if you develop post traumatic arthritis pain in the shoulder.
Shoulder impingement is the condition of inflammation of the tendons of the shoulder joint. It is one of the most common causes of pain in the adult shoulder.
Playing more overhead sports activities and repeated use of shoulder at workplace may lead to sliding of the upper arm bone, the ball portion, from the glenoid–the socket portion of the shoulder.
Acromioclavicular joint (AC joint) dislocation or shoulder separation is one of the most common injuries of the upper arm. It involves separation of the AC joint and injury to the ligaments that support the joint. The AC joint forms where the clavicle (collarbone) meets the shoulder blade (acromion).
The clavicle or the collarbone is the bone that connects your sternum or breastbone to your shoulder. Clavicle fracture, also called broken collarbone is a very common sports injury seen in people who are involved in contact sports such as football and martial arts as well as impact sports such as motor racing.
Distal Biceps Rupture
The biceps muscle is located in front of your upper arm. It helps in bending your elbow as well as in rotational movements of your forearm.
The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint. A ‘ball’ at the top of the upper arm bone (the humerus) fits neatly into a ‘socket’, called the glenoid, which is part of the shoulder blade (scapula).
Labral Tear Injuries
The shoulder joint is a “ball and socket” joint that enables the smooth gliding and thereby the movements of arms.
Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder
The term arthritis literally means inflammation of a joint, but is generally used to describe any condition in which there is damage to the cartilage.
Rotator Cuff Injuries
Rotator cuff is the group of tendons in the shoulder joint providing support and enabling wider range of motion.Major injury to these tendons may result in tear of these tendons and the condition is called as rotator cuff tear. It is one of the most common causes of shoulder pain in middle aged adults and older individuals.